Chinese Migrants

Chong Sium Li and Ah Yung

Chinese settlement in Western Australia can be traced back to early colonial times. Moon Chow, a carpenter/boat builder, is considered the first Chinese person to settle in Western Australia in 1829. In 1847–1848, another 51 Chinese men arrived from Singapore as indentured labourers. Chinese people migrating to Perth came as contract labourers and farm hands and ran businesses such as market gardens, laundries, bakeries, furniture factories, tailor shops and grocery stores.

In 1886, Western Australia introduced an Act to regulate and restrict the immigration of Chinese people by introducing a poll tax. The number of migrants was restricted by linking the number of entries to the weight of cargo carried by the ships they arrived on. 1 man per 50 tons of cargo was the initial figure. The Goldfields Act of 1886 also curbed Chinese migration to Western Australia, no miner’s rights could be issued to ‘any Asiatic or African alien’. This was in response to the large numbers of Chinese migrants that arrived during earlier Australian gold rushes in Victoria.

The Australian Commonwealth Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 was a major contributor to the decline of Chinese migrating to Australia. The Act formed the basis of the White Australia Policy that limited immigration to Australia of non-Anglo-Saxon people until the 1970s.

Between 1971 and 1980, 275 people migrated from China to Western Australia. Four times as many arrived between 1980 and 1990, mainly as international students. Most of the WA’s China born (11,000) arrived between 2001 and 2010, as skilled and business migrants. In 2016, China was the seventh largest source country for people born overseas living in Western Australia.

Focus Questions

Key words

You may wish to find out more about migration from China. The following key words can help you find information:

Chinese migration

Indentured labourer

Racism

Websites

State Library of Western Australia

Trove

Office of Multicultural Interests - Community Profiles - China (pdf)

La Perouse Market Gardens - A brief overview of Chinese life and heritage places in Australia (pdf)

ABC News - Perth's Chung Wah Association celebrates history as WA's first ethnic organisation

Heritage Perth - HASSchats Chinese Migration (YouTube)

 

Chung Ah Sue in his market garden

E.A. Lums & Co Cash Grocers

A job for the sailmaker

A Chinese fisherman

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